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Slovenia is the only country in Europe that combines the Alps, the Mediterranean, the Pannonian Plain and the Karst. The changing landscape is constantly surprising, time and again. You can have one eye on the sea, then look in the other direction and be surrounded by high mountains. Heading up into the forests, you can see the green plains below you. From upland meadows your view stretches into river gorges. This proximity of opposites and contrasts is a hallmark of the country.
1. Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia
Ljubljana lies in a basin between the Karst and the alpine regions at 298 metres above sea level. We like to say it is sufficiently large to contain everything that a capital should have, and small enough to preserve the individuality of its inhabitants. It is a city with a soul, featured by the Baroque Old Town which is nestled at the foot of Castle Hill, the Art Nouveau mansions.
If one is to believe the legend, then the founder of Ljubljana was the Greek prince Jason, together with his companions, the Argonauts. According to the legend, Jason and the Argonauts, while fleeing from King Aites, from whom they had stolen the golden fleece, sailed from the Black Sea up the Danube, from the Danube into the Sava, and from the Sava into the Ljubljanica.
Around about here Jason encountered a terrible monster, which he fought and slew. This monster was the Ljubljana dragon, which now has its permanent abode on top of the castle tower on the Ljubljana coat of arms. At a national referendum held on December 23, 1990, the people of Slovenia voted for independence and sovereignity and on June 25, 1991, the Republic of Slovenia proclaimed its independence.
With this, Ljubljana became the capital of the new state, the heart of the political, economic, cultural and scientific life of the Slovene nation. The significant mile stone for Ljubljana was Slovenia's accession to the European Union on 1 May 2004.
Ljubljana, with only some 276.000 inhabitants, combines the compactness of a small city with the facilities of a metropolis and, compared with other European capitals, remains a city on a human scale.
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Castles in Slovenia
Slovenia has many great and even greater castles in nice and nicer locations, just think about Ljubljana Castle or Celje Castle and the popular Bled Castle. Many of those are renovated and works as a museum or hotel nowadays.
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Nature in Slovenia
Nature has been generous to Slovenia. The varied green landscape is mostly covered in forests, while grape vines are grown on the sunny slopes of hills in many areas. For those heading back to nature there are numerous natural parks, while Triglav National Park encompasses Slovenia’s most beautiful mountains, the Julian Alps. In addition to the mountain peaks, there are hills all around the country that make popular excursion destinations.
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There are many ways to get to Slovenia, you can catch a train from Italy or Hungary or Austria. There are regular bus service between capital cities as well.
Check out our Budapest - Ljubljana transfer